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Athens through history: ancient, medieval and modern sites

Athens ● 01 September 2017

One of the main characteristics of the Greek capital is its long and rich history that is combined with multiple periods. Athens has a creative multicultural character, a unique aura, which attracts every visitor with the variety of different sites. In Athens, you can admire the route through history, the development of Greece from antiquity to the modern times. Athens Center is a living legend, a place where you can walk around for hours being bewitched by a journey in culture, art and history.

Ancient Athens is the best-known period of the Greek capital. Archaeological sites are everywhere, Acropolis stands imposingly on the top of the hill, creating the ultimate trademark of a city, Ancient Agora (Athens) is being perfectly combined with the nearby Roman Agora, ruins of temples can be found in the most unlikely spots, and significant museums, like Acropolis Museum, National Archaeological Museum, Epigraphic Museum, Numismatic Museum and Museum of Cycladic Art turn the visit in Athens into a trip in antiquity, its art and culture. In Athens, you can admire Pnyx, the place where ancient Athenians voted giving birth to democracy, or the ancient theatre of Dionysus, in the shadow of Acropolis, where the first theatre performances were played in the history of humanity.


Medieval Athens is the continuation of antiquity, the golden Byzantine Times with the impressive religious character. Only a few tourists know that in Athens numerous little Byzantine churches can be found between the neoclassical buildings, the archaeological sites and the modern houses. Byzantine Athens is equally interesting with ancient Athens and emphasizes the multicultural character of the city. Furthermore, the Byzantine Museum of Athens has significant findings and can inform you about this period in the Greek capital as well as in whole Greece.


The main sightseeing of Neoclassical Athens is located in Panepistimiou Street and is the complex of the impressive, historical buildings that used to be the University, the Library and the Academy of Athens in the 20th century. Other wonderful administrative neoclassical buildings can be found in Vasilissis Sofias Street, the street that leads to the Hellenic Parliament, which is also an imposing building of the 19th century dominating Syntagma Square. In the greater Athens area, Piraeus Municipal Theatre is one of the most significant opera buildings in Greece and in Europe, and it complements the cultural and artistic scene of the town. Neoclassical houses are also everywhere in Athens Center. Plaka, Thiseio and Monastiraki are well-preserved districts, which have kept their traditional character consisting the Old Town of Athens with narrow pebbled streets and colourful houses of another era.

Modern Athens is very interesting, and after the Olympic Games in 2004, is the main feature of the city. Tall modern blocks and hotels in Athens, art exhibitions, the National Museum of Contemporary Art, amazing street art and unique shops, bars and restaurants create a vivid city, which has reached the last step of its development and is now an attractive European city with top touristic facilities, hospitable people and surprises in every corner.

Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre

Where to Stay

Hotel in Athens, Greece Hotel Maroussi
8.2 10
Hotel Maroussi
10, Olympias Str., Marousi, 15124 Athens, Greece

Hotel Maroussi is located in Maroussi region, just a 12-minute walk of Nerantziotissa Metro and Suburban Railway Station. Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" is 26 km away.

Hotel in Athens, Greece Carolina Hotel
8.8 10
Carolina Hotel
55, Kolokotroni str., 10560 Athens, Greece

Hotel Carolina is strategically located in the center of Athens, just 500 m from the lively Monastiraki Square and 200 m from Ermou shopping street. The main square of Athens, Syntagma, is a 10-minute walk away. Plaka, the historic part of Athens, is a 15-minute walk away. Athens International Airport is at 43 km.

Hotel in Athens, Greece Exis Boutique  Hotel
8 10
Exis Boutique Hotel
1, Spartis , Amerikis Square, 11252 Athens, Greece

Exis Boutique Hotel is located on Amerikis Square, only 10 minutes walk from the nearest metro station. Syntagma, the main square of Athens and the historic part, Plaka, can be reached within 10 minutes using public transportation. Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos is at 35 km. Piraeus Port can be reached within 20 minutes with an electric train.