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Historical monuments of modern Greece

Athens ● Crete ● Delphi ● Epidavros ● Nafplion ● Olympia ● 19 December 2017
 

What are some of the most important historical monuments of modern Greece?
Greece is bursting with a beautiful and fascinating historical past. The ancient monuments of modern Greece span from all different periods in time, from Mycenaean and Classical time until the medieval, and Modern Era. For example, the majority of Modern Greek cities today, have deep historical roots of influence by the Ottoman or Venetian architecture from the early modern period, which is still noticeably present today.  Another example most recently is, after Greek Independence of 1829, the Modern Greek architects of the time began combining traditional Greek, and Byzantine elements with European styles. Therefore the top historical monuments of modern Greece comes in an array of styles, cultures, and backgrounds.
Here are the top ten most important historical monuments of modern Greece:

Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located above the city of Athens. The Acropolis contains the remains of several magnificent architectural buildings with great historical significance. The Acropolis of Athens was the beginning of Western civilization as we know it today.


Ancient Delphi
Along the slopes of Mount Parnassus, Delphi was considered the centre of the world in ancient Greek times.  Ancient Delphi was an important ancient Greek religious sanctuary. The Delphi was sacred to the god Apollo, and pilgrims from all over the Mediterranean would come to the famous oracle, for cryptic predictions and guidance to cities-states and individuals.


Minoan Palace of Knossos
In the Island of Crete, a short distance from the town of Heraklion. In Greek Mythology, King Minos was the first king of Crete lived in a palace at Knossos, and was the son of Zeus and Europa the Minoan Palace of Knossos is one of the most significant Bronze Age archaeological sites, that demonstrates advanced architecture techniques and is one of the Europe’s oldest cities.


Ancient Epidaurus
Ancient Epidaurus is a famous open-aired theatre of the late 4th-century AD. The Epidaurus amphitheater hosted famous plays with impressive acoustics capable of entertaining up to 15,000 spectators.


Dion
The Sanctuary of Dion was devoted to the god Zeus at the foot of Mount Olympus. Since ancient times Dion has held an altar in honour the Olympian Gods. Alexander the Great himself was known to have made sacrifices to the gods at Dion, asking for their benevolence for his expedition to Asia.


Ancient Dodona
Ancient Dodona was the second most important religious next to the Delphi. The Ancient Dodona dedicated to Zeus, but the oracle was devoted to Mother Goddess Rhea. The significance of Ancient Dodona today was that it remained an important religious sanctuary up until the rise of Christianity.


Ancient Olympia
On the western side of Peloponnese, Ancient Olympia is where the first Olympic Games took place, in 776 BC. These Olympic Games were organized every four years to honour the god Zeus, and according to Greek Mythology, it was Hercules himself, who first started these games. These games eventually became a great honour for the athlete’s city-state to have won, as they still are today.


Mycenae
Mycenae was a very prosperous town in ancient Greece, near Athens. The Mycenaean civilization expanded across the entire country, but the most influential centre was Mycenae, which flourished from 1600-1000BC. The Town of Mycenae was the kingdom of King Agamemnon, the ruler of the Greeks during the Trojan War.


Mystras
Mystras is a fortified town, and former municipality of Laconia is southern Greece. During the Byzantine Empire, the Castle town of Mystras was the second most important town after Constantinople during the 14th and 15th-century. The village of Mystras was the last to fall to the Ottoman Empire and remained inhabited throughout the Ottoman period. 


Medieval Fortress of Nafplion
The fortress of Nafplio is a fortress known as Palamidi, to the east of Acronauplia in the town of Nafplion in southern Greece. The Fortress of Nafplion was constructed like many other 17th-century medieval castles along a huge rock above a city. Palamidi was erected by the Venetians and protected the town from many wars and invasions along the centuries. The fortress’ great build, was reinforced in the 19th-century by the Ottoman Empire, which has allowed this Medieval Fortress of Nafplion to be well preserved today.


Where to Stay

Hotel in Thessaloniki, Greece Nouvelle Hotel
Nouvelle Hotel
7km Thessaloniki - Oraiokastro, 57013 Thessaloniki, Greece

Nouvelle Hotel is located in Oraiokastro, just 8 km away from the centre of Thessaloniki. Thessaloniki International Airport is 28.9 km away. The port of Thessaloniki is approximately a 20-minute drive away.

Hotel in Epidavros, Greece Actor Hotel
Actor Hotel
7, Agiou Georgiou str., Ligourio, 21052 Epidavros, Greece

Actor Hotel is located in the village of Ligourio, 3.5 km from the Ancient Theater of Epidavros. The famous archaeological site of Mycenae is 38 km away. The nearest beach can be reached within a 20-minute drive. The historic and picturesque Nafplio town is at 25 km.

Hotel in Kalambaka, Greece Hotel Rex
Hotel Rex
7, Patriarchou Dimitriou Str., 42200 Kalambaka, Greece

This hotel is located in the centre of Kalabaka Town.Τhe city of Trikala is 20 km from the hotel, while the nearest airport is Ioannina Airport, 69 km away.


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