Rebetiko the greek jazz
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Rebetiko the greek jazz

Athens ● Greece ● 13 July 2016
 

Rebbetiko the Greek jazz music

The birth of rebetiko is connected with prison songs. The first ever reference to this type of songs was made in 19th c. In 1850 o French nobleman, named Apper, visited Greece in order to research the problems in the Ottoman prisons and he referred to the songs the prisoners used to sing. To the same type of songs also referred Papadiamadis, Dafnis and Karkavitsas (Greek writers) who visited Peloponnese in 1890, wrote down and published some of these songs.

Rebetika are songs of the city and especially of the harbors, such as Smyrna. Istanbul, Syros , Thessaloniki , Piraeus .

The first rebetika used to refer to outlaw actions and love relationships, but the social element in their themes was not vivid. Until 1938, on the one side, Markus Vamvakaris Piraeus style rebetiko, was dominant. On the other side, musicians began to compose the same kind of music in Smyrna. In 1937 Vasilis Tsitsanis and Manolis Chiotis did their first appearances. 1936 was the year when a rebetiko song "Varvara" was censored for the first time. In 1937 the dictatorship of Metaxas imposed a strict censorship. This is why the songs meaning had to change. The references to hashish, shisha and opium dens, ceased.

During the 40's Sotiria Belou a significant figure of rebetiko made her debut. In 1950 two other important singers appeared, Stelios Kazantzidis and Grigoris Bithikotsis. Rebetiko was rising day after day, more and more people started listening to it. This had as an outcome, the expansion of its themes and the change of the venues where someone could listen to this music. Most researchers place the "death" of rebetiko in the middle of 1950, even though still today many people perform, dance and sing to this kind of music.

So how is it possible for a music genre to be dead since it is still played and sang?

Where to Stay

Hotel in Athens, Greece Hotel Cybele
Hotel Cybele
7, Kolokotroni & Dagkli str.,Pefki, 15121 Athens, Greece

Hotel Cybele is located in Pefki, just an 11-minute walk from Maroussi Metro Station. Athens city centre is 19 km away and Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" is 28 km away.

Hotel in Athens, Greece Best Western Pythagorion Hotel
9 10
Best Western Pythagorion Hotel
28, Agiou Konstandinou Str., 10437 Athens, Greece

Best Western Hotel Pythagorion is a modern city hotel located in the historic center of Athens, just 0.3 km from Omonoia Metro Station.

Hotel in Athens, Greece Elite Hotel
8 10
Elite Hotel
23, Pireos Str., 10552 Athens, Greece

Elite Hotel has a great location on Pireos Street, just a 3-minute walk from Omonia Square. Eleftherios Venizelos airport is a 25- minute drive from the property.


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