S Rebetiko the greek jazz
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Rebetiko the greek jazz

Athens ● Greece ● 13 July 2016
 

Rebbetiko the Greek jazz music

The birth of rebetiko is connected with prison songs. The first ever reference to this type of songs was made in 19th c. In 1850 o French nobleman, named Apper, visited Greece in order to research the problems in the Ottoman prisons and he referred to the songs the prisoners used to sing. To the same type of songs also referred Papadiamadis, Dafnis and Karkavitsas (Greek writers) who visited Peloponnese in 1890, wrote down and published some of these songs.

Rebetika are songs of the city and especially of the harbors, such as Smyrna. Istanbul, Syros , Thessaloniki , Piraeus .

The first rebetika used to refer to outlaw actions and love relationships, but the social element in their themes was not vivid. Until 1938, on the one side, Markus Vamvakaris Piraeus style rebetiko, was dominant. On the other side, musicians began to compose the same kind of music in Smyrna. In 1937 Vasilis Tsitsanis and Manolis Chiotis did their first appearances. 1936 was the year when a rebetiko song "Varvara" was censored for the first time. In 1937 the dictatorship of Metaxas imposed a strict censorship. This is why the songs meaning had to change. The references to hashish, shisha and opium dens, ceased.

During the 40's Sotiria Belou a significant figure of rebetiko made her debut. In 1950 two other important singers appeared, Stelios Kazantzidis and Grigoris Bithikotsis. Rebetiko was rising day after day, more and more people started listening to it. This had as an outcome, the expansion of its themes and the change of the venues where someone could listen to this music. Most researchers place the "death" of rebetiko in the middle of 1950, even though still today many people perform, dance and sing to this kind of music.

So how is it possible for a music genre to be dead since it is still played and sang?

Where to Stay

Hotel in Athens, Greece Hotel Frida
8.5 10
Hotel Frida
2, Zosimou Str., 11472 Athens, Greece

Built close to Strefi Hill in the center of Athens, Hotel Frida is a 16-minute walk away from Ambelokipi Metro Station, allowing easy access to Syntagma Square and Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos".

Hotel & Appartment in Athens, Greece Cybele Guest Accommodation
Cybele Guest Accommodation
49, Aharnon str., Kifissia, 14561 Athens, Greece

Cybele Guest Accommodation is located in Kifissia, just a 15-minute walk from Kifissia Metro Station. Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" is 30 km away. #

Boutique Hotel in Athens, Greece Anixi Boutique Hotel
8.7 10
Anixi Boutique Hotel
17, Marathonos Ave., Anixi, 14569 Athens, Greece

Anixi Boutique Hotel is located in Athens, 26 km away from the city centre. Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" is 36 km away and Piraeus Port is 34 km away.


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