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The top of the top historical sites in the Dodecanese

Dodecanese ● Kos ● Patmos ● Rhodes ● 22 July 2018
 
The islands of Dodecanese have a long history that defined the whole Greek civilisation since the ancient times. Some of the islands, such as Rhodes and Kos, played a significant role during the Classical and Roman Times having important historical sites that count thousands of years. Some others, such as Patmos, are top religious destinations with key role during the early Christian and Medieval Times. Either way, the Greek Island Hopping in the Dodecanese is the best thing you can do if you are a fan of Greek history. The distance between the islands is very short, and you can visit several islands during your vacation in Greece. Cultural island hopping is an unforgettable experience you can have. Enjoy!

Medieval Town of Rhodes

Rhodes is worldwide famous for its Medieval Town. The Medieval Town is one of the best-preserved medieval cities in Europe, and therefore Unesco inscribed it on its World Heritage List. During the Byzantine Period, the island was an important trading post in the Mediterranean Sea. In the 7th century A.D., the Arabs captured Rhodes, and the Knights Period started in the 14th and continued until the 16th century. Walking around the Old Town of Rhodes is a unique experience of medieval beauty and multicultural character between the East and West. The most exciting thing with the Medieval Town of Rhodes is that it is a vivid legend and not just a historical site. You can stay there in one of the numerous boutique hotels, stroll around, drink your cocktail and shop in elegant boutiques feeling that a knight is waiting for you behind each impressive building.
Medieval Town of Rhodes

Ancient Lindos in Rhodes

Above the well-preserved, traditional town of Lindos in Rhodes, which is a beautiful white-washed town with elegant and aristocratic atmosphere, rises the Acropolis of Lindos, which offers spectacular view of the Aegean Sea around it. In Acropolis of Lindos, you will see the Doric temple of Athena Lindia, the Propylaea of the Sanctuary, the Hellenistic Stoa and a Christian church as well as the Castle of the Knights, which prove that the site has a multicultural character and has incorporated various civilisations.

Lindos

Ancient Kamiros in Rhodes

Ancient Kamiros is a must for any history lover. It was one of the three Doric cities that created the powerful city-state of Rhodes. Kamiros' wealth was based on the agriculture, and it was the first city in Rhodes that cut its own coins in 6th century B.C. The excavations testified the existence of a temple dedicated to Athena, but the earthquake of 226 B.C. destroyed the classical city.



Ancient Ialyssos in Rhodes

The area of ancient Ialyssos was inhabited since 2,000 B.C. The archaeological site is located on Mt. Philerimos. At the highest point of the mountain, you can admire the remains of the Temple of Zeus and Athena, while the whole site has also an early Byzantine Basilica, a small Byzantine church and a Doric fountain house. That is the most impressive thing with Rhodes and whole Greece: many civilisations create a multicultural site that shows you the phases of Europe's history and how these various cultures created a unique entity.



Asklepieion in Kos

Asklepieion is the most significant archaeological site on Kos. In the antiquity, Asklepieion was a medical centre, and it was built to honour the God of Medicine and Health, Asklepios, who lived on the island. It was built during the 5th century B.C., and Hippokrates had taught there his students, the doctors of the antiquity. Can you imagine seeing an ancient medical centre and the place where medicine was born?
Asklepieion

Plane Tree of Hippokrates in Kos

In the front of the Castle of the Knights, in the centre of Kos Town, there is a plane tree, under which, according to the myth, Hippocrates, the father of Medicine, used to teach his students. Of course, this tree is not the plane tree Hippocrates planted, since he lived in the 5th century BC, but obviously, a descendant of the original tree. Hippocrates is the symbol of the island and thus, a Cultural Centre in the village of Mastichari Kos is dedicated to him. Here, there is an exact replica of the ancient settlement, and many seminars of Greek philosophy are organised.



The Archaeological Museum of Kos

Kos has a rich and long history as the homeland of Asklepeios and Hippocrates as well as n important city state in ancient Greece. The renovated Archaeological Museum of Kos narrates the island's history from prehistoric times to Roman era. It is located in the centre of Kos Town, on Eleftherias Square. Fully revamped, it is situated in a two-storey mansion, which dates from the period of Italian rule, and it houses displays from every phase of civilisation on the island. The main hall of the museum draws a connection between historical developments and the evolution of the famous sculptural tradition in ancient Kos. The impressive atrium has been used to display sculptures from a wealthy Roman villa, and the well-preserved statues stand like sentries around the circular mosaic floor, which depicts the arrival of the God of medicine, Asclepius, to Kos in the 3rd century AD. The new section of sanctuaries helps visitors explore the different types of worship that evolved in Kos through the centuries, with votive offerings from the Mycenaean era and those from the sanctuary of Asclepius, to statues of Demeter, the Kore and Athena from classical times to eastern divinities. The upper floor is dedicated to education, another popular section for the visitors. The purpose of the halls is a trip into the past, starting from prehistoric times. In one room of this floor, visitors are invited to step into the archaeologist's shoes to examine the different layers of the town of Kos in the exact way that experts did. Other halls are dedicated to the residents of the island and their daily life in ancient times. Through findings from graves and settlements, as well as through a film, you can get a taste of what life was like for people of this era. The image of a Hellenistic house, with its cooking utensils, loom and possessions of the man, woman and children, is complemented by references to the shops that existed in the town, the currency used and its exports.



The Cave of Apocalypse in Patmos

The Cave of Apocalypse in Patmos is an important cultural monument on the island, which attracts not only Christians but also atheists, who want to feel the aura of this sacred place. The Cave of Apocalypse is an UNESCO World Heritage Site too. There, you can learn about the story of Saint John and the revelation he received from God in 95 AD. The spiritual character of this site is something you can't easily describe by words.



The Monastery of Saint John, Patmos

Patmos is considered to be a sacred island, which played a crucial role in early Christian Times. This is why Saint John chose it as the place where he wrote the book of Apocalypse. Constructed on the top of a hill above Chora, the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian belongs to the most important religious centres in Europe. It looks like a fortress, but inside, you will visit a monastery, which is built on the site of an ancient temple. You can also see a Byzantine church and the museum.



Kastelli Archaeological Site in Patmos

Patmos was also a well-known city-state in ancient Greece. The remains of ancient Kastelli date back to the 3rd millennium B.C. In this site, you can admire the Hellenistic wall, which was made by volcanic rocks and has a series of towers, as well as the Roman fortifications and the remnants of the ancient Temple of Apollo.



Ancient Springs in Ikaria

Only 2 km from Agios Kirykos Ikaria, are located the ancient springs, which have been very popular for hydrotherapy since 4th century B.C. There, you can still find the vestiges and the ruins of the ancient baths. The historical site of ancient springs in Ikaria is something totally different you haven't seen before. If you want to explore not only the ancient temples but also the relaxing part of life in ancient Greece, then these baths are something unique.

Ancient Potidaion in Karpathos

Ancient Potidaion is located where the today's capital of Karpathos is. It flourished during Roman and early Christian times, but it was inhabited since the Neolithic and Bronze period. In this place, it was found the small statue of a female goddess, which is now in the British Museum. There are also remains of the Hellenistic Acropolis of Potidaion, a stone tomb and ceramics from Minoan and Mycenaean Times.



Chryssocheria Castle in Kalymnos

Near the Chora of Kalymnos, you can visit the Chryssocheria Castle, which travels you back in the past of the island. The castle was built by the Knights of St. John in the 14th century A.D. to protect the island from enemies and pirates. Inside the temple, you can admire the remains of an ancient temple, Byzantine chapels as well as the well-preserved church of Panagia Chryssochera (=Virgin Mary with the golden hands), which hosts beautiful Byzantine frescoes.



Island of Ro near Kastellorizo

If you visit Kastellorizo, the tiny easternmost island of Greece literally near Turkey, then a visit to the nearby islet of Ro is a must in order to understand the modern history of Greece and the role that some heroes played in it. This islet is famous for the Lady of Ro, Despoina Achladiotou. Despina and her husband farmed and kept goats on the islet, being the only residents. She refused to leave the island even after the death of her husband, and she raised the Greek flag every day. You can see there her tomb (she died in 1982) as well as a Hellenistic fortress.

Where to Stay

Pansion in Patmos, Greece Pansion Katerina
Pansion Katerina
Skala, 85500 Patmos, Greece

Pansion Katerina is located in Skala, Patmos, just a few-minutes' walk from the beach. Patmos Port is a 10-minute walk away from the property. Patmos Chora is 4.5 km away.

Studio in Kastellorizo, Greece Poseidon
Poseidon
Megisti, 85111 Kastellorizo, Greece

Family-run seafront Poseidon hotel is located 1.5 km from the main port in Kastellorizo, in a short walking distance to the center of this unique, picturesque town. The distance from Kastellorizo airport is 2.8 km.

Hotel & Appartment in Leros, Greece Hotel Marilen
Hotel Marilen
Alinda, 85400 Leros, Greece

Hotel Marilen is located in Alinda, only a 10-minute walk from Alinda beach. Leros Municipal Airport is 4.2 km away while Leros Port is 6 km away.


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