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These historical sites prove that Greece is the cradle of Western civilisation

Athens ● Epidavros ● Samos ● 26 August 2017
 

There are many ways to get familiar with the culture and art of ancient Greece, whose civilisation is considered to be the cradle of whole Western civilisation. Its keystones are democracy, art and science, and some of the most important values that created humanity as we know it today were born in Greece. You can read about the philosophy, the sciences and the history of ancient Greece, but there is no better way to explore the ancient world than coming to Greece. Here, you can visit historical sites, which will make you understand why the civilisation of ancient Greece is so important. Every place of Greece has an ancient temple and an archaeological museum to visit, but the following historical sites are being mentioned because there, was born something unique, a miracle that improved the level of next generations.

Ancient theatres of Dionysus and Epidavros, the cradle of theatre

Under Acropolis Hill, you can visit the ancient Theatre of Dionysus, the theatre where the performances of ancient drama took place. In ancient Athens, there was a contest, in which famous plays, such as Antigone of Sophocles or Lysistrati of Aristophanes competed. All the famous plays of ancient tragedy and comedy have been performed in the ancient theatre of Dionysus. Exactly the same importance has the ancient theatre of Epidavros with the 11,000 spectators, which is well-preserved and hosts theatre performances until today. Words are not enough to describe the feeling you have when you watch a performance of ancient comedy or tragedy in the same place, where almost 3,000 years ago it was played for the first time.

Theatre of Epidavros

Pnyx, the cradle of democracy

In Filopappos Hill, in Thiseio, is located Pnyx, the place where the ancient Athenians voted. Pnyx was used for the popular assemblies in Athens since 507 B.C., being one of the most important and earliest sites in the creation of democracy. Pericles, Aristides, Demosthenes and Alcibiades spoke here, at the speaker's platform, which you can admire today. Pnyx was the meeting place of the earliest known in the world democratic legislature, the Athenian ecclesia.

Pnyx

The Tunnel of Eupalinos, the cradle of engineering

Eupalinos, the engineer from Megara near Athens, managed to dig a tunnel through a mountain in Samos using basic measuring tools and complex mathematical calculations. Two teams were digging their way through the mountain, and they managed to meet midway in this tunnel of 1,036 metres length and 1,80 metres width and height, after having extracted 7,000 cubic metres of rock. Herodotus referred to the Tunnel of Eupalinos as a "two-mouthed tunnel". As a result, 10 years after the start of the project, the tunnel brought water to the town of Samos from the spring at the nearby mountain.

Where to Stay

Appartment in Heraklion, Greece Matala Dimitris Villa and Hotel
Matala Dimitris Villa and Hotel
Matala, 70200 Heraklion, Greece

Matala Dimitris Villa and Hotel is located in Matala, Crete, just a 10-minute walk from the popular beach. The Ancient city of Faistos is just a 15-minute drive away. Heraklion International Airport is 70.6 km away.

Hotel in Heraklion, Greece Pasiphae Hotel
8.8 10
Pasiphae Hotel
34 Poseidonos str. & 1 Naxou str., 71307 Heraklion, Greece

Pasiphae Hotel is located in a quiet part of Heraklion, just a 10-minute walk from the main port of Heraklion and 2.5 km away from Nikos Kazantzakis International airport. The historic center of Heraklion can be reached within 15 minutes on foot.

Studio in Kastellorizo, Greece Poseidon
Poseidon
Megisti, 85111 Kastellorizo, Greece

Family-run seafront Poseidon hotel is located 1.5 km from the main port in Kastellorizo, in a short walking distance to the center of this unique, picturesque town. The distance from Kastellorizo airport is 2.8 km.


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